Needs Arising from Lowering the Limit Values.
Clean Air at Work, New Trends in Assessment and Measurement for the 1990s, Proceedings of an International Symposium, Luxembourg, 9-13 September 1991 1992:53-61
Sampling and analytical needs for assessing occupational exposures to chemical agents were discussed. The functions of OSHA and NIOSH as originally promulgated under the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 were summarized. Past needs for industrial hygiene monitoring of workplace exposures were considered. After its formation under the Act, NIOSH was charged with the responsibility for developing, evaluating, and standardizing suitable methods for sampling and determining agents in the workplace. This included rapidly developing and evaluating analytical methods for about 400 specific compounds because many of the 1968 American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists threshold limit values for these were incorporated as OSHA standards. This was accomplished by setting up a joint NIOSH/OSHA standards completion program. Present needs for industrial hygiene monitoring of workplace contaminants were discussed. A major need was to develop sampling and analytical methods for determining workplace contaminants at or below their exposure limits. Statistical considerations for evaluating the ability of industrial hygiene monitoring methods to measure low concentrations of workplace contaminants were discussed. Future needs for developing industrial hygiene monitoring methods were considered. These included developing easy to use methods that are suitable for field studies, developing evaluation protocols for addressing the performance of real time instruments, and accelerating the time for developing and evaluating new sampling and analytical techniques.
Analytical-methods; Legislation; Industrial-hygiene; Statistical-analysis; Health-standards; Air-monitoring; Occupational-exposure; Workplace-monitoring;
Brown-RH; Curtis-M; Saunders-KJ; Vandendriessche-S;
Clean Air at Work, New Trends in Assessment and Measurement for the 1990s, Proceedings of an International Symposium, Luxembourg, 9-13 September 1991