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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-92-080-2284, Moreno Valley Animal Control, Moreno Valley, California.
Lee SA; Hales T
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 92-080-2284, 1993 Feb; :1-12
In response to a request from employees of Moreno Valley Animal Control (SIC-0752), Moreno Valley, California, an investigation was begun into possible exposures to bloodborne diseases, euthanasic agents through needlestick injuries, flea and tick spray, cleaning products, and odors. There were about 17 full time and part time employees on the site and six to ten community service obligation workers. About 1,000 dogs and cats were impounded there a month. About 800 animals a month were destroyed. The animals were injected with sodium-pentobarbital (57330) and potassium-chloride (7447407). Decaying road killed animals stored in a refrigerator were the source of a putrid odor. Two former employees had developed possibly work related respiratory symptoms. Animals were sprayed with a 0.1% solution of pyrethrin (8003347). None of the short term air samples collected indicated any detectable pyrethrin. The amount of euthanasic agent which would plausibly be injected by a needlestick injury was considered to be too small to pose any health risk. Most employees reused the needles, recapping them between animals. Over half of the employees reported sticking themselves with the needle at least once. The authors conclude that there was no health hazard from euthanasic agents, pyrethrin or cleaning products. The authors recommend that the practice of reusing needles be stopped. Suggestions are also offered for reducing the odor from the refrigerator.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-92-080-2284; Hazard-Unconfirmed; Region-9; Occupational-exposure; Needlestick-injuries; Viral-infections; Respiratory-system-disorders; Infection-control; Pesticides; Author Keywords: Animal Specialty Services; bloodborne diseases; hepatitis B; hepatitis C; pyrethrin; respiratory symptoms; neurobehaviorial symptoms; neurologic symptoms
57-33-0; 7447-40-7; 8003-34-7
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division