NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search
Pilot Project to Assess Mortality among Former Chromium Smelter Workers.
Department of Medicine, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 1993 Sep:69 pages
A mortality study of former workers from four chromate production facilities in northern New Jersey was conducted, and the feasibility of identifying and notifying workers from closed facilities without access to personnel records or recent address information was examined. An attempt was made to assemble a cohort of individuals who would be interested in participating in future studies for the early detection of lung cancer. Social Security records were used to identify a cohort of 3,408 former workers from the four facilities. It was possible to trace 83% of the total cohort. Of these, 1,787 workers were deceased. At least 65.4% of the cohort presumed to be alive received notification. Mortality analysis indicated that workers at these facilities remained at an elevated risk for the development of lung cancer more than 20 years after the end of their employment. A cluster of bladder cancer among former black workers was noted at one facility. There were 306 former chromate workers who expressed interest in participating in a lung cancer screening program. Another 41 were interested in receiving more information. The author notes that in spite of the absence of personnel records or recent addresses, it was possible to determine the vital status of over 80% of all former workers and over and 90% of former workers with more than 1 year of work at these facilities.
NIOSH-Grant; Epidemiology; Risk-factors; Lung-cancer; Mortality-surveys; Occupational-exposure; Chromium-compounds;
Occupation & Environ Hlth Ser New Jersey St Dept of Hlth CN 360 Trenton, N J 08625
Final Grant Report;
NTIS Accession No.
Department of Medicine, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan
ME; NJ; MI
New Jersey State Dept of Health, Trenton, New Jersey
Page last reviewed: September 25, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division