NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Use of biological markers in occupational health research and practice.

Authors
Schulte-PA
Source
J Toxicol Environ Health 1993 Oct; 40(2-3):359-366
NIOSHTIC No.
00218024
Abstract
This report discussed three efforts which could enhance the use of biomarkers in occupational and environmental health research and practice. As a first step, a biomarker needs to be shown to be valid and there are three types of validity research that coincide with the three types of biomarkers: validate the relationship between exposure and dose, validate the relationship between biological effects and disease, and validate markers of susceptibility. The increased utilization of biomarkers in etiologic and prevention research and the development of programs to encourage interdisciplinary collaboration and train molecular epidemiologists were discussed. The author stresses that in all efforts to validate the use of biological markers in occupational and environmental health research there is a need to consider the issues involved in the interpretation and communication of results of marker tests. There are ethical and social implications connected to the use of markers. Study protocols need to address these issues prior to the performance of validation, etiologic, or intervention research.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; Biological-monitoring; Occupational-exposure; Environmental-exposure; Environmental-health-monitoring; Risk-analysis; Epidemiology
CODEN
JTEHD6
Publication Date
19931001
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1994
Issue of Publication
2-3
ISSN
0098-4108
Source Name
Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division