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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-88-0119-2345, Hawaiian Commercial and Sugar Company, Puuene, Hawaii; Hamakua Sugar Plantation, Honakaa, Hawaii.

Authors
Sinks TH; Hartle RW; Boeniger MF; Mannino DM
Source
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 88-0119-2345, 1993 Aug; :1-45
NIOSHTIC No.
00217008
Abstract
In response to a request from the Hawaii Department of Health, an investigation was begun into possible hazardous working conditions at the Hawaiian Commercial and Sugar Company (SIC-0133), Puuene, and the Hamakua Sugar Plantation, Honakaa. Of particular concern was the possibility that chronic respiratory diseases were related to smoke containing biogenic silica fibers (BSF). BSF exposure was evaluated and a case/control study of mesothelioma and BSF exposure was pursued using records from the Hawaii Tumor Registry to identify subjects. Exposure to BSF was recorded for equipment operators involved in moving sugarcane into the mill. The air concentrations of inorganic fibers ranged from 1,200 to 8,350 fibers/cubic meter (f/m3). Rake operators had the highest exposure of field workers, ranging from 1,250 to 56,280f/m3. Asbestos (1332214) was detected in air samples from machinists, mechanics and operators of planting machinery with the highest concentration being 0.77f/cubic centimeter. In the medical study of 355 sugarcane workers, neither respiratory symptoms or chest X-ray abnormalities were associated with BSF exposure. The authors conclude that no association was found between occupational exposure to BSF and respiratory symptoms, X-ray signs of chronic lung disease or mesothelioma. At the time of the survey, mill workers were exposed to asbestos. The authors recommend measures to decrease the exposure to asbestos at these sites.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-88-0119-2345; Hazard-Unconfirmed; Region-9; Asbestos-fibers; Fibrous-dusts; Agricultural-industry; Sugar-industry; Respiratory-system-disorders; Combustion-products; Silica-dusts; Author Keywords: Agricultural Production - Sugarcane and Sugar Beets; sugarcane workers; biogenic silica fibers; pneumoconiosis; pulmonary function; respiratory symptoms; cross-sectional study; asbestos; mesothelioma
CAS No.
1332-21-4
Publication Date
19930801
Document Type
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
1993
NTIS Accession No.
PB94-131620
NTIS Price
A04
Identifying No.
HETA-88-0119-2345
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
SIC Code
0133
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
HI; OH
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division