Children at work: prevention of occupational injury and disease.
Lemen-RA; Layne-LA; Castillo-DN; Lancashire-JH
Am J Ind Med 1993 Sep; 24(3):325-330
The prevention of occupational injury and disease in working children was discussed. Studies showed that this isolated population represents a sizable part of developing countries' work forces. Reasons included family poverty, immigration, tradition, and lack of education. Consideration was given to the presence of sweatshops particularly in inner urban areas, and to the difficulties faced by children of migrant and seasonal farm workers. Other statistics revealed deaths under conditions which violated safety regulations. It was noted that proper enforcement of the Fair Labor Standards Act could have prevented a number of work related deaths in children. Recommendations included meaningful labeling of toxic products against child use and establishment of joint pediatric and occupational epidemiologic surveillance groups. Current efforts involved development of a national surveillance system by NIOSH in cooperation with the Consumer Products Safety Commission. Hospital data gathered by the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System will permit calculation of national estimates of occupational injuries in youths.
NIOSH-Author; Epidemiology; Agricultural-workers; Standards; Surveillance-programs; Injury-prevention; Safety-measures; Child labor; Children; Disease prevention; Safety; Young workers; Regulations; Hazard labels
American Journal of Industrial Medicine