Work-related injuries among Massachusetts children: A study based on emergency department data.
Brooks-DR; Davis-LK; Gallagher-SS
Am J Ind Med 1993 Sep; 24(3):313-324
Work related injuries in 14 to 17 year old children were studied by reviewing emergency department (ED) and hospital records in 14 Massachusetts areas. Data represented a large surveillance study of child and adolescent injuries by the Statewide Childhood Injury Prevention Program of the Massachusetts Department of Public Health for the years 1979 to 1982. The surveillance study data were used to determine work related injuries and to code their nature and the external cause. An increase in the estimated annual rate of occupational injury rose from 3.7 per 1,000 for 14 to 15 year olds to 44.7 per 1,000 for 17 year olds, with all resident children counted in the denominator. Rates calculated without actual hours worked revealed a higher risk for working minors. The authors state that the study contributes to the evidence that work related injuries in children are significant contributors to the overall incidence of injuries in 14 to 17 year olds. The value of ED data was emphasized and the use of active surveillance systems was suggested to better document the nature and extent of the problem.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Cooperative-Agreement; Injury-prevention; Industrial-medicine; Risk-analysis; Age-factors; Surveillance-programs; Epidemiology; Accident-statistics
American Journal of Industrial Medicine