NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Truck driver crushed between trailer and loading dock - West Virginia, December 16, 1992.

Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, FACE 93-11, 1993 Mar; :1-6
The case of a 30 year old male truck driver who died as a result of being trapped between a loading dock and the back of a moving tractor trailer was examined. The driver left the distribution terminal of a multistate motor freight company that employed 450 workers to flag down the driver of a tractor trailer who was backing into an unused dock at the terminal. His purpose was to signal the driver to another dock where he should have parked for loading. The victim apparently exited the building and either fell into the path of the backing vehicle or had attempted to cross behind the moving vehicle. He was trapped between the rear of the trailer and the loading dock. The driver moved forward, releasing the victim, who later died due to blunt force crushing traumatic injuries to the pelvis and abdomen. As he was attempting to walk in an area not designed for foot travel, it was thought that the area may have posed a fall hazard. It is recommended that procedures for directing incoming vehicles to proper work areas be established and implemented, that pedestrian traffic be properly routed, that work areas no longer in service be clearly posted, and that additional mirrors or other devices be installed which would assist drivers in seeing what they are backing into more clearly.
NIOSH-Author; Region-3; FACE-93-11; Truck-drivers; Transportation-industry; Risk-factors; Accident-analysis; Traumatic-injuries
Publication Date
Document Type
Field Studies; Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
NIOSH Division
SIC Code
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division