1991 Conference summary. A national strategy for occupational musculoskeletal injuries: implementation issues and research needs.
Chaffin DB, Fine LJ, eds. Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 93-101, 1992 Nov; :1-27
The proceedings of a conference on the development of a national strategy for occupational musculoskeletal injuries were summarized. Specific topics discussed included the scope of the national program, major federal government initiatives, the passage of the Occupational Safety and Health Act, definition of acute and chronic musculoskeletal injuries, anatomical structures of concern, multifactored risk model development, methods used for identifying job hazards, nonoccupational factors and the risk of an occupational musculoskeletal injury, fundamental research needed to understand the causes of occupational musculoskeletal injuries, and the research needed to provide the most effective prevention strategies. Evidence indicated that musculoskeletal injuries include the most costly types of occupational injuries and that they affect several million workers each year. Areas needing additional research include identifying hazardous job stressors, objectively measuring and quantifying job stress, identifying people at risk for musculoskeletal injuries, fundamental biomechanics, job hazard surveillance, and industrial planning and social/organizational issues.
NIOSH-Author; Occupational-hazards; Ergonomics; Occupational-medicine; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Job-stress; Cumulative-trauma-disorders; Biomechanics
NTIS Accession No.
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 93-101
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health