Psychological distress in a sample of teachers.
J Psychol 1990 May; 124(3):321-338
Potential stressors and distress were measured independently in an effort to determine whether teachers in another geographic area obtained high scores similar to others tested on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). New York City school teachers participated in the study. An earlier study had been conducted with teachers from the Los Angeles area. An examination of the mean CES-D score indicated that the level of depressive symptoms in the sample was higher than might be expected from average community residents. A correlation was noted between the CES-D and the Psychophysiologic Symptom Scale which suggested that distress was distinct from job related morale, which was indexed by measures of motivation to continue teaching and job satisfaction. Regression analyses indicated that the level of job strain was more closely related to psychological distress and low morale than episodic stressors, including crimes in which the teacher was the victim. Colleague support was related to lower symptom level and higher morale.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Psychological-disorders; Job-stress; Mental-stress; Coping-behavior; Attitude; Education; Teaching; Epidemiology;
Social and Psychological Fdns the City College of Cuny Convent Avenue at 138Th St New York, New York 10031
Psychologic Disorders; Psychological-disorders;
The Journal of Psychology
City College of New York, New York, New York