Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-91-326-2278, Xomox Corporation, Blue Ash, Ohio.
Echt-A; Bresler-FT; Hughes-RT; Hayden-CS II
NIOSH 1993 Jan; :1-17
In response to an employer request, an investigation was begun concerning polymer fume fever in the Plastics Department at Xomox Corporation (SIC-3491), Blue Ash, Ohio. Xomox manufactured industrial valves in a variety of sizes and applications. Forty employees work in the Plastics Department over three shifts. Breathing zone and area air samples were analyzed for particulate fluorides and hydrogen-fluoride (7664393). Detectable hydrogen- fluoride was found in five of nine personal breathing zone samples, and 8 hour time weighted concentrations in area samples ranged from 0.004 to 0.008 parts per million. In five of ten employees interviewed, classical symptoms of polymer fume fever occurred. In another five employees, partial polymer fume fever and/or isolated polymer fume fever symptoms occurred. These symptoms included shaking chills, myalgias, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and malaise with or without a measured increase in body temperature. The ventilation system was not effective in controlling emissions from the valve lining process. The authors conclude that a health hazard existed due to exposure to the decomposition products of fluorocarbon polymers. The authors conclude that modifications to the ventilation system are needed. The incidence of polymer fume fever should be reduced through the abatement of workplace exposure to fluorocarbon polymers decomposition products.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-91-326-2278; Hazard-Confirmed; Region-5; Occupational-exposure; Fluorine-compounds; Polymer-fume-fever; Ventilation-systems
Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance; Field Studies
NTIS Accession No.
Hazard Evaluations and Technical Assistance Branch, NIOSH, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Cincinnati, Ohio, Report No. HETA-91-326-2278, 17 pages, 12 references