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Respiratory health risks among nonmetal miners.
Occup Med: State of the Art Rev 1993 Jan; 8(1):57-70
The risks of occupational respiratory disease in the nonmetal mining industry were reviewed. Topics discussed included associated nonmineral exposures to radon (10043922) and diesel fumes; the mineralogy of various nonmetallic rocks and minerals being extracted worldwide; fibrous silicates; asbestos (1332214) associated problems including benign pleural disorders, asbestosis, lung cancer, and mesothelioma; asbestiform fibrous minerals including wollastonite (13983170), fibrous clays, and zeolites; nonfibrous silicates such as talc (14807966) and kaolin (1332587); sedimentary precipitates including phosphates, potash (584087), trona (497198), fluorspar (14542235), gypsum (13397245), and salt (7647145); and hydrocarbon containing sedimentary rocks including graphite (7782425), oil shale, and gilsonite. Miners had a greatly increased risk of disease and death and were at risk for nonmalignant and malignant respiratory health effects from these exposures. In many cases, there was only limited toxicologic and medical knowledge of the respiratory or other health effects for these various materials.
NIOSH-Author; Respiratory-system-disorders; Lung-disease; Mining-industry; Mine-workers; Mineral-dusts; Occupational-exposure; Dust-exposure; Radiation-exposure; Cancer-rates
10043-92-2; 1332-21-4; 13983-17-0; 14807-96-6; 1332-58-7; 584-08-7; 497-19-8; 14542-23-5; 13397-24-5; 7647-14-5; 7782-42-5
Issue of Publication
Occupational Medicine: State of the Art Reviews. The Mining Industry
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division