Injuries in the mining industry.
Occup Med: State of the Art Rev 1993 Jan; 8(1):171-184
This chapter presented a broad review of the types of risk factors and their frequency of occurrence in the area of mining. Specific topics reviewed included: epidemiology of fatal and nonfatal injuries; fatality rates by year for four industry divisions with highest rates and for all other industries; fatality rates by year for the mining industry subdivisions; nonfatal injuries in the mining industry; eight leading causes of death for the mining industry subdivisions; states with the largest numbers of mining fatalities; fatal and nonfatal injuries and injury rates by year for US coal and other mines from 1973 through 1991; nonfatal injuries by type of mining from 1985 through 1991; leading causes of nonfatal injuries by type of mining activity from 1985 through 1991; federal programs to guard the safety of the miner; role of the occupational physician; and legislation involving mining safety and health. While injuries in US mines have been drastically reduced since the start of this century, their rates have not changed significantly during the last decade. Injuries to miners remain at the highest of all US injuries. The injuries are often severe. Both cumulative trauma disorders and acute traumatic injuries are common. Current major hazards include roof falls, fires, and explosions which have always been present. The increased mechanization of the industry has added additional hazards to the work site. Occupational physicians need to be aware of standard industrial medicine procedures as they relate to mining as well as learning and applying epidemiologic tools in the evaluation and prevention of injuries, and continuously stress safety among all parts of the mining community.
NIOSH-Author; Mining-industry; Safety-practices; Safety-equipment; Accident-analysis; Accident-prevention; Miners; Underground-mining; Coal-miners; Cumulative-trauma-disorders; Traumatic-injuries
Occupational Medicine: State of the Art Reviews. The Mining Industry