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An Overview of Army Sensor Technology Applicable to Field Screening of Environmental Pollutants.

Mackay RA
NIOSH 1991 Feb:17-24
An overview was presented of United States Army programs for the field detection and identification of chemical and biological agents which were applicable to field screening methods. Particular attention was given to mass spectrometric, infrared, and aerosol sampling techniques. Remote detection involved the use of point detectors located at the site to be monitored, which may be a distance from the monitoring station. Standoff detection was used to indicate equipment located at the monitoring base which can sense chemicals at a distant spot. Discussion of point detection technology included pyrolysis/mass spectrometry. The Army was making a particularly strong investment in standoff technology, as it was the only technology that could provide rapid wide area surveillance while reducing the numbers of detectors needed. The chemical detection portion of the laser radar project called IR DISC/DIAL was reviewed. The feasibility of this system has been demonstrated for the detection of chemical agents in all forms.
Chemical-analysis; Chemical-warfare-agents; Chemical-agent-detectors; Air-quality-monitoring; Military-personnel; Toxic-gases; Environmental-contamination; Environmental-pollution; Soldiers;
Publication Date
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings;
Fiscal Year
Source Name
Field Screening Methods for Hazardous Wastes and Toxic Chemicals. Second International Symposium, February 12-14, 1991. Sponsored by U.S. EPA; U.S. DOE; U.S. Army Toxic and Hazardous Materials Agency; U.S. Army Chemical Research, Development and Engineering Center; U.S.A.F.; Florida State Univ.; National Environmental Technology Applications Corp.; and NIOSH
Page last reviewed: October 26, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division