NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search
Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-90-168-2248, Independence Police Department, Indoor Range, Independence, Missouri.
Rinehart RD; Almaguer D; Klein MK; Crouch KG
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 90-168-2248, 1992 Aug; :1-35
In response to a request from the Police Department (SIC-9221) in Independence, Missouri, an investigation was undertaken of a newly redesigned air handling system installed at the Department indoor firing range. The requestors were concerned about exposures to lead (7439921) during handgun qualifying sessions and the possible health hazards associated with these exposures. Environmental samples were collected for airborne lead, surface lead, and hand lead contamination during a 70 minute handgun training activity. A ventilation survey was also conducted. Eight shooters and two range officers were exposed to airborne lead concentrations ranging from 132 to 254 micrograms per cubic meter of air. Lead levels on desk surfaces inside the range were as high as 10,330 micrograms/square meter. The ventilation study revealed back flow eddies throughout the range, especially at the firing line, indicating that the newly redesigned air handling system was not effectively removing lead. The authors conclude that a potential hazard from overexposure to lead via inhalation and ingestion existed at the firing range. There was a potential for para occupational exposure of family members. The authors recommend modifications to the ventilation system and other measures to reduce exposures.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-90-168-2248; Hazard-Confirmed; Region-7; Law-enforcement-workers; Policemen; Lead-poisoning; Occupational-exposure; Environmental-contamination; Author Keywords: Police Protection; indoor firing ranges; inorganic lead; ventilation system design; engineering controls; wipe sampling; para-occupational exposure; copper-jacketed bullets
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 22, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division