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Study design for assessing exposures of embalmers for a case-control study. Part I. Monitoring results.

Authors
Stewart PA; Herrick RF; Feigley CE; Utterback DF; Hornung R; Mahar H; Hayes R; Douthit DE; Blair A
Source
Appl Occup Environ Hyg 1992 Aug; 7(8):532-540
NIOSHTIC No.
00209818
Abstract
As part of a study to evaluate the cancer risks among embalmers and funeral directors in relation to specific exposures arising from the practice of embalming, exposure monitoring was performed at the job site. Work practices and chemicals used were determined for 14 funeral homes in the Washington, DC area. Personal exposures and area concentrations of formaldehyde (50000) were monitored during 25 embalmings by one embalmer in one location. Measurements were also taken of methanol (67561), phenol (108952), and particulates. The level of ventilation was controlled along with the concentration of the embalming solution and the type of case (intact or autopsied). Personal exposures to formaldehyde ranged from 0.31 to 8.72 parts per million (ppm) for full period exposures of 51 to 121 minutes. Peak exposures were as high as 21ppm for 15 minutes. Methanol ranged from 0.54 to 12.83ppm. Particulate mass concentrations were low and measurable phenol levels were noted in only 40% of the procedures. Low levels of airborne microorganisms were detected.
Keywords
NIOSH Author; Epidemiology; Occupational exposure; Air quality monitoring; Organic solvents; Formaldehydes; Ventilation systems; Air sampling
CODEN
AOEHE9
CAS No.
50-00-0; 67-56-1; 108-95-2
Publication Date
19920801
Document Type
Journal Article
Fiscal Year
1992
Issue of Publication
8
ISSN
1047-322X
NIOSH Division
DSHEFS
Source Name
Applied Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
State
MD; OH; CA
Page last reviewed: May 5, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division