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Coping with job stress by managers at different career stages in Finland and the United States.

Lindstrom-K; Hurrell-JJ Jr.
Scand J Work, Environ & Health 1992 Jun; 18(Suppl 2):14-17
Studies were conducted to determine how managers in Finland and the United States (US) differ in regard to job demands, to psychosomatic symptoms and coping strategies, to investigating how applied coping strategies were related to job demands and psychosomatic symptoms at various stages of career development, and to determining the moderating effects of the relationship between job demands and psychosomatic symptoms. The Finnish study group consisted of 709 men who were managers in the construction industry. The US sample contained 664 state employed male managers working in the northeastern section of the country. The Finnish managers demonstrated lower job demands but more heart symptoms and stomach trouble. Their characterizing coping strategies were internalizing the problem and problem solving. US managers had higher job demands, more headaches, and more sleep problems. They used primarily socially oriented coping and daydreaming as coping strategies. Job demands were highest in the middle career stage in both groups. Coping strategies focusing on emotions were usually related to a high number of psychosomatic symptoms, whereas active coping strategies were associated with low symptom frequencies. A negative effect of socially oriented coping was noted which had not been expected. Similarly, a positive effect of daydreaming was noted, but also unexpected.
NIOSH-Author; Job-stress; Coping-behavior; Psychological-factors; Management-personnel; Construction-industry; Risk-factors
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Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health