Comparison of job demands, control and psychosomatic complaints at different career stages of managers in Finland and the United States.
Hurrell-JJ Jr.; Lindstrom-K
Scand J Work, Environ & Health 1992 Jun; 18(Suppl 2):11-13
A job stress survey of managers was conducted in Finland and the United States (US). The effects of six different psychological job demands and four different types of job control on self reported health symptoms were examined in each of the following career stages: early (less than 34 years of age), middle (age 35 to 50), and late (over 51 years of age). The Finnish sample included 708 male managers from the construction industry and the US sample included 664 male managers employed in a northeastern state. Job demands were assessed with the use of single item measures. Job control was assessed with four multiterm scales. Headache, heart symptoms, sleep problems, and stomach trouble were the symptom groups used to assess psychosomatic complaint frequency. The results of the study indicate that the relationships between job demand, job control and health status change according to the stage of the career development of the manager. None of the demand or control variables included in this study impacted on the reporting of symptoms at the early or late career stages. US managers in the middle stage of their job life were affected by a number of demand and several control variables. Finnish workers in early stages were negatively affected by lengthy work hours and benefited from having greater task control. The results also suggested that there are cross cultural differences in the reporting and the perception and importance of job related demands and control characteristics.
NIOSH-Author; Mental-stress; Coping-behavior; Psychological-factors; Management-personnel; Age-factors; Risk-factors; Job-stress; Construction-industry
Dr JJ Hurrell, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Division of Biomedical and Behavioral Science, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health