Psychosocial and work organization risk factors for cumulative trauma disorders in the hands and wrists of newspaper employees.
Bernard-B; Sauter-SL; Fine-LJ; Petersen-MR; Hales-TR
Scand J Work, Environ & Health 1992 Jun; 18(Suppl 2):119-120
The relationship of psychosocial factors and work organization to cumulative trauma disorders of the hands and wrists was investigated among newspaper employees using video display terminals. The study sample included 971 employees who completed a questionnaire dealing with demographics, work history, job tasks performed, workstation design and equipment used, and work organization, psychosocial scales and upper extremity musculoskeletal discomfort. The univariate analyses revealed many significant associations between work organization and psychosocial variables and cumulative trauma disorders of the wrist and hand. However, the importance of these variables was diminished somewhat in the final logistic regression model where several job task and demographic variables emerged as important predictors of these disorders. Those which remained important in the final analysis included social support variables and job variance. When the analyses were performed within specific departments, the work organization and psychosocial variables were better predictors of cumulative trauma disorders of the hand and wrist in those departments with a larger number of clerical and data entry video display terminal users. Work organizational and psychosocial variables were not significant factors in the editorial department.
NIOSH-Author; Computer-equipment; Keyboard-operators; Office-workers; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Repetitive-work; Newspapers; Epidemiology; Cumulative-trauma-disorders
Dr B Bernard, National Institute for Occupational Safetyand Health, Divisionof Surveillance Hazard Evaluations and Field Studies, Cincinnati Ohio 45213 USA
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health