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Continued need for strategies to prevent needlestick injuries and occupational exposures to bloodborne pathogens.
Martin LS; Hudson CA; Strine PW
Scand J Work Environ Health 1992 Jun; 18(Suppl 2):94-96
Of all the possible risks to health care workers for the occupational transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), being stuck with a contaminated needle and sharp objects poses the most serious risk. The risk of infection with HIV following one needlestick exposure to blood from a patient known to be infected was estimated to be approximately 0.3%. The corresponding figure for hepatitis-B virus was 6 to 30%. At the close of December in 1991, the Centers for Disease Control was aware of 28 cases where health care workers had seroconverted to HIV following an occupational exposure to HIV infected blood. Of these 28 cases, 12 were laboratory workers, 11 were nurses, three were physicians, and two were employed in other health care occupations. Other persons routinely exposed to infectious agents included fire and rescue workers, ambulance personnel, and law or correctional officers. Devices have been developed to prevent or reduce the risk of needlestick injury, including resheathing syringes and needleless intravenous systems. Preventive strategies were discussed.
NIOSH-Author; Health-care-personnel; Needlestick-injuries; Accident-prevention; Infection-control; Infectious-diseases; AIDS-virus; Viral-infections; Occupational-exposure
Dr LS Martin, Centers for DiseaseControl, 1600 Clifton Road, F40, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Page last reviewed: May 5, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division