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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-90-084-2219, Kansas City Kansas Police Department, Kansas City, Kansas.
Rinehart R; Almaguer D
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 90-084-2219, 1992 May; :1-25
In response to a request from a management representative of the Kansas City, Kansas, Police Department (SIC-9221), an evaluation was undertaken of possible lead (7439921) exposures at the Police Department outdoor firing range. About 200,000 rounds of ammunition are fired at the range each year. Personal breathing zone and area air samples were taken for lead analysis. Surface wipe samples were taken as well along with hand lead concentrations and contamination of clothing. Air sampling revealed that the officers were exposed to 8 hour time weighted average concentrations of airborne lead ranging from nondetectable to 8 micrograms (microg) per cubic meter. The general air samples collected ranged from nondetectable to trace levels of contamination. Wipe samples of several surfaces indicated lead contamination ranging from 1350 to 1180microg per square meter (m2). The officers' hands were contaminated with lead. Even after washing their hands, the concentrations ranged from 210 to 110microg/m2. One of six patches from a tee shirt worn by an officer showed lead at 110microg/gram of material. The authors conclude that airborne lead did not exceed evaluation criteria, but dermal, surface and clothing contamination could increase the potential for lead ingestion and lead contamination of automobiles and homes. The authors recommend that efforts be made to reduce the potential spread of lead, and that medical surveillance be instituted for frequent range users and the range master.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-90-084-2219; Region-7; Hazard-Unconfirmed; Policemen; Lead-dust; Airborne-dusts; Metal-dusts; Occupational-exposure; Author Keywords: Police Protection; outdoor firing ranges; inorganic lead; wipe samples; para-occupational exposure; copper-jacketed bullets
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
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Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division