Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-90-029-2212, United Technologies Automotive, Port Huron, Michigan.
Hills BW; Kawamoto MM
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 90-029-2212, 1992 May; :1-27
In response to a request from an employee, an assessment was undertaken of possible hazardous working conditions at United Technologies Automotive (SIC-3714), Port Huron, Michigan. This company manufactured automotive headliners at two facilities in the city. Airborne fibrous glass, formaldehyde (50000), phenol (108952), trichloroethylene (79016) and volatile organic compound levels were measured at both facilities, and workers were interviewed concerning work related health problems. Formaldehyde was found in measurable concentrations at both facilities. Trichloroethylene was measured at a concentration approaching the NIOSH recommended exposure limit (25 parts per million as a time weighted average). Fibrous glass dust was generated in most of the work areas. Measurements of the fibrous glass dust did not exceed recommended limits, but there was much evidence of workers suffering from the irritant effects of this dust in that eye, nose and throat irritations were commonplace and skin rashes were highly prevalent in both facilities. Exposure through direct contact may have been the major route of exposure. Interviewed workers also reported central nervous system symptoms such as headaches, tiredness, lightheadedness, dizziness, and problems with memory, mood or personality swings. The authors conclude that the symptoms may be related to workplace exposure. The authors recommend that exposure to formaldehyde and trichloroethylene be reduced to the lowest feasible concentrations. Exposures to fibrous glass, volatile organic ingredients in adhesive and decomposition products of heated materials should be controlled.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-90-029-2212; Region-5; Hazard-Confirmed; Airborne-dusts; Fiberglass-industry; Fibrous-dusts; Airborne-fibers; Skin-exposure; Dust-inhalation; Occupational-exposure; Synthetic-fibers;
Author Keywords: Motor Vehicle Parts and Accessories; fibrous glass; fiberglass; man-made mineral fibers; glass wool; formaldehyde; phenol; trichloroethylene; adhesives; dermatitis
50-00-0; 108-95-2; 79-01-6
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health