Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-91-165-2199, Simmons Industries, Inc., Siloam Springs, Arkansas.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 91-165-2199, 1992 Mar; :1-18
In response to a request from the President of Simmons Industries, Inc. (SIC-2015), Siloam Springs, Arkansas, the ability of the local exhaust ventilation system in the hanging room of the poultry processing facility to protect chicken hangers from exposures to airborne organic dust was evaluated. Air quality analyses were conducted both at the Siloam Springs facility and at the similar facility of the same company located in Jay, Oklahoma. One of three 8 hour time weighted average (TWA) inhalable dust concentrations from the Siloam Springs facility exceeded the Threshold Limit Value of 10mg/m3 for particulates not otherwise classified. Three similar samples taken at the Jay facility exceeded this limit. The Jay facility did not have a local ventilation system in operation. Endotoxin concentrations in all six of the TWA inhalable samples exceeded the recommended limit of 10 nanograms/cubic meter (ng/m3) at both facilities. Of the six samples, five exceeded 100ng/m3, a level associated with spirometric evidence of acute airways obstruction. The authors conclude that exposures in the hanging rooms of both poultry processing facilities represented a potential health risk. The author recommends that the exhaust ventilation system and work practices be changed to reduce exposures. A respiratory protection program should be implemented until dust exposures are controlled.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-91-165-2199; Region-6; Hazard-Confirmed; Poultry-industry; Food-processing-workers; Animal-products-workers; Toxins; Poultry-workers; Airborne-dusts; Bacterial-dusts;
Author Keywords: Poultry Slaughtering and Processing; chicken hangers; endotoxin; organic dust; poultry processing
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health