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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-86-469-2189, James River Corporation, Newnan, Georgia.
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 86-469-2189, 1992 Mar; :1-22
In response to a request from OSHA, a possible cancer cluster was investigated at the James River Corporation (SIC-2657), Newnan, Georgia. The paperboard packaging facility had been in operation for over 30 years. A retrospective cohort mortality study of 2050 workers employed at the facility between 1957 and 1988 was conducted. As of the study date, 141 workers were deceased, 1705 were alive, and 204 had been lost to followup. Overall mortality was similar to that expected as was mortality from diseases of the heart, accidents, and violence. The Standardized Mortality Ratios for all cancers was less than expected. Three workers with bladder cancer and six with kidney cancer were identified. No increased risk of bladder cancer was determined. The risk of kidney cancer was increased. The excess risk was associated with overall duration of employment but was not limited to any single department or work process. The author concludes that workers at the facility had an increased rate of kidney cancer. The author recommends measures to reduce exposures to inks containing pigments made from aromatic amines. Personal protective equipment should not be considered a substitute for adequate engineering controls. Follow up on the cohort should continue.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-86-469-2189; Hazard-Confirmed; Region-4; Mortality-data; Cancer-rates; Carcinogens; Epidemiology; Containers; Author Keywords: Manufacturers of Folding Paperboard Boxes; renal cell carcinoma; bladder cancer; pigments; inks; dichlorobenzidine; o-toluidine
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division