Psychological distress in relation to employee age and job tenure.
Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 35th Annual Meeting, September 2-6, 1991, San Francisco, California. Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 1991 Sep; 35():185-187
Relationships among employee age, job tenure and psychological distress, were assessed using data obtained from a nationally representative health interview survey. The data were obtained from a health interview survey conducted in 1978 which was representative of noninstitutionalized persons aged 18 to 64 years who resided in the continental United States. A total of 3151 employed persons comprised the study sample. Beyond the early socialization period, the decrease of psychological distress with tenure varied with age in an orderly fashion. The decline in distress occurred earliest in the 18 to 24 age group, after 11 months tenure in the 25 to 34 age group, after 2 years in the 45 to 54 year old group, and after 5 years tenure in the 55 to 64 year group. The middle age group distress levels were invariant with tenure and were not different from the sample grand mean. The author concludes that the elevated levels of psychological distress during early job tenure, and the delayed decrease in distress among older newcomers to an organization, have practical implications for organizational socialization programs.
Human-factors-engineering; Ergonomics; Job-stress; Mental-stress; Psychological-factors; Age-factors; Attitude
Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 35th Annual Meeting, September 2-6, 1991, San Francisco, California