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Mineral surface-specific differences in the adsorption and enzymatic removal of surfactant and their correlation with cytotoxicity.

Authors
Wallace WE; Keane MJ; Mike PS; Hill CA; Vallyathan V
Source
Effects of mineral dusts on cells. Mossman BT, Begin RO, eds. NATO ASI Series, New York: Springer-Verlag, 1989 Aug; H30:49-56
Link
NIOSHTIC No.
00205908
Abstract
Data on the cell free in-vitro phospholipase-A2 (PLA2) enzymatic digestion of dipalmitoyl-lecithin (DPL) adsorbed on a quartz (14808607) and a kaolin (1332587) respirable sized dust was presented. The purpose was to investigate mineral specific differences in digestion rates and restoration of dust membranolytic potential. Incubation of these dusts with increasing amounts of dipalmitoyl-lecithin resulted in neutralization of hemolytic potential between 15 and 20 milligrams (mg) DPL adsorbed per gram quartz, and between 75 and 85mg DPL per gram kaolin. Data indicated that a significant amount of the lysolecithin produced remains adsorbed on both dusts after 2 hours, and on quartz at 20 hours. Digestive removal of DPL when the specific activity applied to quartz was decreased to 0.082 units PLA2 per micromole adsorbed DPL, and when the specific activity applied to kaolin was increased to 2.9 units PLA2 per micromole kaolin was demonstrated. The authors conclude that the amount of DPL needed to fully suppress the dusts' hemolytic potentials was similar to that retained on the dusts after mild saline rinsing.
Keywords
NIOSH-Author; Surfactants; In-vitro-study; Enzyme-activity; Silica-dusts; Metabolic-study; Respiratory-irritants
CODEN
NASBE4
CAS No.
14808-60-7; 1332-58-7;
Publication Date
19890101
Document Type
Conference/Symposia Proceedings
Editors
Mossman BT; Begin RO
Fiscal Year
1989
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
ISBN No.
9783540504221
Identifying No.
MIR 4-90 ; Grant-Number-G1135142
NIOSH Division
DRDS
Source Name
Effects of mineral dusts on cells
State
WV
Performing Organization
West Virginia University
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