New Horizons in Industrial Health.
National Safety Congress, Chicago, Illinois, October 31, 1972, 1972 Oct:8 pages
Changes in occupational health and the challenges they present were discussed in a speech. The Federal Coal Mine Health and safety Act of 1969 and its consequences for the coal mining industry were summarized. The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSHAct) and its implications were considered. New possibilities and challenges faced by occupational health nurses, industrial hygienists, and occupational health physicians and other occupational safety and health professionals were discussed. It was noted that significant challenges will occur in occupational medicine as a result of new occupational diseases occurring in heretofore unsuspected employee groups. The new occupational diseases will be encountered as a result of the large annual increases in the number of new chemicals being produced and introduced into industry and greater emphasis being put on detecting less dramatic, more subtle medical effects such as diminished health or functional capacity or decreased life expectancy. The subtle effects will be difficult to detect because they resemble nonoccupational diseases, particularly degenerative diseases associated with aging. They can only be detected in well designed epidemiological studies of exposed and appropriate control populations. It was noted that in recognition of this, OSHAct has mandated that industry wide studies be conducted to assess the effects of chronic or low level exposure on the working population. The activities of NIOSH to date in performing the industry wide study mandate of OSHAct were described. Projected and proposed future studies being considered by NIOSH were discussed.
Occupational-health; Epidemiology; Legislation; Coal-mining; Surveillance-programs; Occupational-diseases; Chronic-degenerative-diseases;
National Safety Congress, Chicago, Illinois, October 31, 1972, 8 pages