An introduction to the principles of occupational ergonomics.
Frederick-L; Habes-D; Schloemer-J
Occup Health Nursing 1984 Dec; 32:643-645
The principles of occupational ergonomics were considered by addressing: the definition and goals of occupational ergonomics; the prevention of ergonomic health problems; hazard identification; preventive health programs; and evaluation of interventions and programs. The focus of this communication was on the prevention and control of the two major categories of occupational health problems affecting the musculoskeletal and peripheral nervous systems. The first was upper extremity cumulative trauma disorders associated with repetitive and forceful hand and wrist movements. The second related to muscle strain and fatigue due to static muscular work. A sample ergonomic checklist was included to assist in identification of potential workplace hazards. The authors conclude that the occupational nurse is uniquely able to recognize, evaluate, and control ergonomic hazards and take part in preventing them. Enhanced performance of basic nursing functions of promoting health and preventing illness and injury was associated with knowledge and application of the principles of ergonomics.
NIOSH-Author; Nurses; Occupational-health; Medical-care; Occupational-health-nursing; Worker-health; Occupational-health-programs; Preventive-medicine; Medical-personnel; Nervous-system-disorders
Occupational Health Nursing