Indicators of Health Promotion Behaviors in the Workplace.
Health Promotion Indicators and Actions 1989:249-270
Protective and promotive actions concerning health in the workplace were considered at the individual, employer, and governmental levels. In progress, surrogate, and direct measures of these actions were described and ideas to improve worksite health improvement efforts were presented. The impact of worker injuries and disabilities and work sponsored health programs on the population as a whole was examined. Discussion of federal responsibilities included legislation such as the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 and the Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1972 and also formation of OSHA and NIOSH. Roles played by state and municipal governments and employers were detailed as were difficulties encountered in evaluating the effectiveness of programs. Efforts to increase health promotion at the workplace were seen at all levels, particularly with regard to health risk appraisals and smoking cessation programs. Employee level worksite health programs were said to have higher rates of participation and compliance than community health programs. The authors suggest the following: improving interactions between health education and promotion specialists and occupational health and safety professionals; providing better means of communicating risk information to workers; improving model worksite health protection programs; and providing better techniques for evaluating the effects of health promotion programs.
Worker-health; Occupational-health-programs; Occupational-safety-programs; Health-protection; Work-environment; Health-standards; Health-hazards;
Book or book chapter;
Health Promotion Indicators and Actions