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Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology, Second Edition. Cralley LJ, Cralley LV, eds., New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1985 Jan; 3:375-430
Applied ergonomics was discussed in this chapter. The definition of ergonomics was reviewed. Using ergonomics in research and practice was considered. The major factors of applied ergonomics were discussed. The role of ergonomic checklists in surveying work situations for real and potential problems was considered. The principle components of ergonomic checklists such as workspace design, space and equipment design, job demands, environmental factors, and work organization were illustrated. Applying ergonomic principles to manual materials handling was discussed. Ergonomic solutions to the problems of perceptual and mental and cognitive demands were considered. Applying ergonomics to solve workplace problems such as color and illumination, thermal conditions, noise exposure, and chemical odors were discussed. Ergonomic solutions for problems associated with work organization were considered. New developments and trends in the workplace were reviewed. These included the introduction of robots onto shop floors and video display terminals in offices and changes in workforce characteristics. Ergonomic control and interventions for solving workplace problems were considered. These included systems based approaches designed to optimize coupling of production systems with worker attributes and behavioral based approaches aimed at enhancing worker productivity, health, and safety.
Job-analysis; Manual-materials-handling; Work-environment; Automation; Industrial-safety; Worker-motivation; Biomechanics; Equipment-design; Industrial-equipment
Book or book chapter
Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology, Vol. 3, Part B, Theory and Rationale of Industrial Hygiene Practice: Biological Responses, Second Edition
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division