Compilation of research on back injuries among nursing personnel.
Jensen R; Nestor D; Myers A; Rattiner J
Nursing: Power through Excellence, Proceedings of the West Virginia Nurses' Association Research Symposium, October 22-23, 1988, Wheeling, West Virginia. Wang JF, Smith PS, Nath CL, eds. Morgantown, WV: Morgantown Printing & Binding Company, 1988 Oct; :1-10
Epidemiological studies of the occurrence of back injuries among nursing personnel were discussed. Seventy four studies published between 1967 and 1987 that presented new data or a synthesis of a select group of studies that concerned back pain among nursing personnel were reviewed and categorized according to type of investigation, measurement methodology, findings about selected risk factors, and findings about prevention or risk reduction programs. Seventeen studies were experimental studies conducted in health care facilities that attempted to evaluate the effects of programs directed at preventing back pain. Thirty three studies were cross sectional and 26 were longitudinal. Most of the studies were retrospective in nature and most were limited to nurses working in general hospitals. Some included nurses irrespective of the work setting. Fifty one studies included nurses, 54 nursing assistants or aides, 21 student nurses, and 19 other nursing related groups. No studies specifically dealt with back problems in home care nursing personnel. Thirty seven studies attempted to measure the effects of occupational exposure to physical and biomechanical stressors on back injury. Seven dealt with the effects of patient handling tasks. Forty eight studies used some type of health measure as the outcome. Of these, 21 were based on worker responses, 22 were based on existing employer records of injury and worker's compensation claims, and the other five used both sources of information. Forty four studies dealt with the association between personal factors such as age and sex and the risk of back pain. Forty eight studies dealt with the influence of job factors such as patient handling and posture. Most risk reduction studies were directed toward manual patient handling techniques. Very few dealt with patient handling devices.
Medical-personnel; Back-injuries; Epidemiology; Risk-factors; Physical-stress; Biomechanics; Work-practices; Work-analysis
Wang JF; Smith PS; Nath CL
Nursing: Power through Excellence, Proceedings of the West Virginia Nurses' Association Research Symposium, October 22-23, 1988, Wheeling, West Virginia