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The costs of occupational traumatic and cumulative injuries.

Rossman SB; Miller TR; Douglass JB
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, 1991 Mar; :1-249
Data was collected on the incidence of workplace injury and estimated average costs per case in 1989 dollars for medically related treatment, salary replacement payments to employees unable to work due to work related injuries, wage loses, lost household productivity, and administrative claims processing associated with occupational traumatic and occupational cumulative injuries as well as occupational diseases. Cost estimates were made for each of 656 body part/specific nature of injury combinations as well as for costs aggregated at the level of body region or by injury group. The estimated annual costs of medically related care, lost productivity, and administrative claims processing for Workers' Compensation lost workday injuries was 21.54 billion dollars. Occupational cumulative injuries had the highest total average per case cost at 14,726 dollars. Specific injuries that resulted in the highest average costs per case were ruptures, vision loss, dust disease, enucleation, and nonlimb dislocations/fractures. The authors emphasized that through additional similar research it may be possible to integrate cost estimation as part of regulatory economic analyses, program planning and evaluation of prevention strategies.
NIOSH-Contract; Worker-health; Occupational-accidents; Cumulative-trauma-disorders; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Traumatic-injuries; Lost-work-days; Injuries; Costs; Cost estimates; Work environment; Unemployment; Workers Compensation
S. B. Rossman, The Urban Institute., Washington, DC
Publication Date
Document Type
Final Contract Report
Funding Type
Grant; Purchase Order
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
Grant-Number- R49-CCR-303675; Task-Order-0009044165
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Healt
Performing Organization
The Urban Institute
Page last reviewed: October 8, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division