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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-81-384-1443, FMC Corporation, Tipton, Indiana.

Stephenson RL; O'Brien D
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 81-384-1443, 1984 Mar; :1-28
In response to a request from the United Steel Workers of America, Local 2166, an evaluation was made of employee exposures in the primer parts spray paint booth and sanding area of the FMC Corporation (SIC-7535), Tipton, Indiana. The facility was involved in manufacturing custom fire trucks, and had 125 production workers. The measured concentrations of individual solvents were below NIOSH and ACGIH recommended levels and OSHA standards. One worker had potential overexposures to solvents based on the additive effect of the solvent vapor mixtures; although the worker wore a respirator, the protection afforded using the respirator was inadequate. Total particulates ranged from 5.1 to 36.3mg/m3, compared to an exposure criteria of 10mg/m3. Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons ranged up to 4.1 micrograms/cubic meter. A medical questionnaire administered to nine employees revealed occasional eye and upper respiratory irritation. Among the painters these symptoms coincided with the use of the bitumastic coal-tar paint. The seven sanding employees reported no symptoms associated with their occupations. The authors conclude that a health hazard existed due to overexposures to total particulates, mixtures of organic solvents and to coal-tar paint containing polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons. The authors recommend specific measures to reduce exposures.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-81-384-1443; Hazard-Confirmed; Region-5; Spray-painting; Solvent-vapors; Organic-solvents; Airborne-particles; Occupational-exposure; Author Keywords: Paint Shops; Motor Vehicles; Spray Painting; Organic Solvents; Particulates; PNAs; Cyclohexane Solubles; Pyrene; Fluoranthene; Phenanthrene; Chrysene; Benz(a)Anthracene; Benzo(e)Pyrene; Benzo(a)Pyrene; Benzo(k)Fluoranthene; Benzo(g,h,i)Perylene
Publication Date
Document Type
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
NIOSH Division
SIC Code
7535; 3711
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 22, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division