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Recommendations concerning the role of workplace testing of respirators as a condition of certification.

Authors
Sherwood RJ
Source
Morgantown, WV: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Purchase Order 9142270, 1991 Jun; :1-51
NIOSHTIC No.
00202720
Abstract
The Notice of Proposed Rulemaking for certification of respiratory protective devices published on August 27, 1987, as it related to workplace performance testing as a condition of certification was reviewed. After considering all available literature on the topic, the author concludes that to introduce workplace or simulated workplace testing to determine workplace protection factors into the requirements for certification of industrial respirators would be premature. The primary reason for this conclusion is the great variability seen in protection demonstrated currently in workplace test programs and in fit testing. Effort is currently needed to determine the exposure of workers while using respirators. Several approaches toward this end are reviewed taking into account work recently reported. Little progress is reported in the area of performance of negative pressure high efficiency filter respirators since 1962. Further development is needed in the anthropometric description of human faces which is still restricted to two dimensional models. Emphasis should be placed on positive pressure systems which meet further certification requirements to ensure that positive pressure is maintained in the breathing zone at all times. The cost effectiveness of any proposed research program should be critically examined and compared with the high cost of field testing for certification purposes.
Keywords
NIOSH-Contract; Respiratory-protection; Respiratory-protective-equipment; Equipment-reliability; Personal-protective-equipment; Occupational-health-programs; Anthropometry
Publication Date
19910601
Document Type
Purchase Order Report
Fiscal Year
1991
NTIS Accession No.
PB92-133370
NTIS Price
A05
Identifying No.
Purchase-Order-9142270
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
State
MA; WV
Performing Organization
Harvard School of Public Health
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