Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 91-116, 1991 Aug; :1-22
The need for assistance in preventing the exposure of workers to lead (7439921) during the maintenance, repainting, or demolition of bridges or other steel structures coated with lead containing paints was discussed. Lead exposure may occur during abrasive blasting, sanding, cutting, burning, or welding of these structures. Specific cases were cited where lead poisoning was manifest in torch burners, burner helpers, power tool users, rivet removers, blasters, carpenters, steam fitters, and drillers. Preventive measures discussed included the use of air monitoring equipment to determine whether a hazard exists, and engineering controls including those which will protect workers during welding, cutting or burning. Surface preparation was reviewed along with proper work procedures for tasks inside containment structures and the specifications required to be in new contracts. Personal hygiene practices which can help reduce the exposure likelihood were discussed, along with the proper use of warning signs and personal protective equipment. Medical surveillance programs were reviewed, including medical monitoring, medical protection, mandatory reporting and training.