Workers' health, safety, and compensation in historical and cross-national perspective. An overview.
Ann NY Acad Sci 1989 Dec; 572:240-255
This paper suggested a framework of struggle for improvement of workers' health and safety and workers' compensation and briefly surveyed the historical experiences of several countries in order to provide a basis for suggested changes in the United States in the 1990s and beyond. The author urges that a national law should be adopted to smooth out some of the variations of multiple state laws and assure minimal standards, that such a law should establish worker's compensation as a public nonprofit utility with equal representation of organized labor and management, and that such a law inject strong motivational forces into the worker's compensation system to bring about real preventive efforts. In this regard no fault compensation should be provided which would offer 100% of lost wages or income and benefits. The author further suggests that work related compensable diseases be included on a presumptive list and additions made as epidemiologic and other research establishes reasonable grounds for supposing a work connection, that tort liability of employers by reestablished in cases of employer negligence or violation of strengthened OSHA standards and regulations, that an independent worker's health and safety service be established through a network of independent state supervised clinics to cover all workplaces, and that first line general health care providers be trained in worker health and safety and linked into a clinic network.
NIOSH-Publication; Legislation; Industrial-hazards; Regulations; Worker-health; Occupational-diseases; Training; Occupational-health; Occupational-medicine
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences