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A longitudinal study of pulmonary function in fire fighters.
Tepper A; Comstock GW; Levine M
Am J Ind Med 1991 Sep; 20(3):307-316
Two surveys were carried out for 632 fire fighters 6 to 10 years following a baseline examination to determine any change in their pulmonary function. The longitudinal study evaluated the rate of change in forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) from the first to the second survey and on the relationship between the observed change and fire fighting exposures. Men who never wore a mask while extinguishing fires experienced a 1.7 times greater rate of FEV1 decline than those who did wear masks. Men with ammonia (7664417) exposure experienced a rate of decline 1.7 times greater than nonexposed men. Neither length of time spent in exposed jobs nor number of responses was associated with the rate of decline. Active fire fighters experienced a rate of decline 2.5 times greater than those who had retired or resigned. Some effects differed between men who were able to perform repeatable pulmonary function tests and those who were not.
NIOSH-Author; Pulmonary function tests; Lung function; Smoke inhalation; Inhalants; Aerosols; Airborne particles; Breathing; Toxic gases; Fire fighting; Firemen; Author Keywords: occupational disease; respiratory disease; spirometry; fire fighting; ammonia; personal protection equipment
Allison Tepper, PhD, NIOSH, R-18,4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati OH 45226
Issue of Publication
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
OH; MD; DC
Page last reviewed: May 5, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division