The Occupational Cancer Incidence Surveillance Study (OCISS): risk of lung cancer by usual occupation and industry in the Detroit metropolitan area.
Am J Ind Med 1991 May; 19(5):655-671
Through the use of a case/referent analysis, new occupations and industries were identified in which lung cancer risk was elevated. Support was also provided for previous studies that have suggested certain workplace risks for lung cancer, and differences in occupational lung cancer risks between black and white males were noted. Occupational histories and tobacco use habits were obtained by telephone interview for 5,935 incident lung cancer case and 3,956 incident colon and rectum cancer referents. The analysis included 43 usual occupational groups and 48 usual industry groups comprised of at least ten cases. Significant elevated risks were noted for excavating and mining workers, furnace workers, armed services personnel, agricultural workers, driver sales, mechanics, painters, and drivers. Industries with significant elevated lung cancer risks included farming, mining, and primary ferrous metals manufacturing. The excess of lung cancer among mechanics was noted among black males. For armed services personnel the risk of lung cancer among black men was higher than among white men. The authors note that five of the occupations observed more often among lung cancer cases have probable exposure to diesel exhaust.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Grant; Cancer; Respiratory-system-disorders; Risk-factors; Lung-cancer; Cancer-rates; Diesel-emissions; Mining-industry; Military-personnel; Agricultural-workers; Racial-factors
Epdiemiology Michigan Cancer Foundation 110 East Warren Avenue Detroit, Mich 48201
American Journal of Industrial Medicine
Michigan Cancer Foundation, Detroit, Michigan