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Pulmonary fibrosis caused by synthetic textile fibers?
Hillerdal G; Steinholtz L; Rosenhall L; Lindgren A
Proceedings of the VIIth International Pneumoconioses Conference, August 23-26, 1988, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 90-108, 1990 Nov; (Part II):1405-1407
Three cases of pulmonary fibrosis, probably due to exposure to synthetic textile fibers, were reported. The first was of a 52 year old woman who demonstrated pulmonary infiltrates on her chest X-ray and a dry cough combined with increasing dyspnea. She had begun working in a textile shop 15 years earlier where she measured and cut cloth that was mainly synthetic including acrylic fabrics, polyesters, and imitation leather. She was occasionally exposed to glass fiber as well. The work was very dusty. Pulmonary function values were within the low to normal range. She was followed during the seven years since leaving her position. There has been a slight progression of the fibrosis with an increasing dyspnea. The second case was that of a 66 year old woman seen because of dyspnea and pulmonary infiltrates on chest X-ray. The third case was that of a 47 year old woman who presented with bilateral pulmonary fibrosis. As was true in the other cases, the woman in this third example was also employed in the textile industry, primarily in the cutting and measuring of synthetic fabrics.
Textiles industry; Respiratory system disorders; Synthetic fibers industry; Synthetic fibers; Lung disease; Textile workers; Lung function; Case studies; Occupational exposure
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 90-108
Proceedings of the VIIth International Pneumoconioses Conference, August 23-26, 1988, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
Page last reviewed: June 15, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division