Death certificate-based surveillance of silicosis and asbestosis in Illinois.
Wideroff-L; Hryhorczuk-DO; Krantz-A; Holden-J
Proceedings of the VIIth International Pneumoconioses Conference, August 23-26, 1988, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 90-108, 1990 Nov; (Part II):1401-1403
An evaluation was conducted to explore the usefulness of death certificates as a surveillance tool for silicosis and asbestosis in the state of Illinois. Computerized death records were obtained for the years 1969 through 1984. There were 76 silicosis cases reported as underlying and contributing causes of death during this time frame. White males constituted 78% of the total, black males accounted for 10% and white females for 2%. The mean age at death was 68 years with a range of 28 to 89 years. An additional 55 silicosis cases were identified as the underlying cause of death for the years 1969 through 1978. There were 53 asbestosis cases reported, of which 83% occurred in white males, 6% in black males, and 11% in white females. The results demonstrated that death certificate based surveillance in Illinois is useful for identifying point sources of exposure in areas where pneumoconiosis deaths occur. Extraordinarily high silicosis mortality rates were detected for Alexander County which is a center of tripoli (1317959) production. Possible point sources of asbestos (1332214) exposure were identified for the four counties with high concentrations of asbestosis deaths.
Coal-workers; Respiratory-system-disorders; Asbestos-workers; Lung-disease; Coal-dust; Dust-exposure; Lung-irritants; Airborne-particles; Mortality-data; Mortality-surveys; Epidemiology
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 90-108
Proceedings of the VIIth International Pneumoconioses Conference, August 23-26, 1988, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA