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Similarities in lung cancer and respiratory disease mortality of Vermont and New York State talc workers.
Lamm SH; Starr JA
Proceedings of the VIIth International Pneumoconioses Conference, August 23-26, 1988, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 90-108, 1990 Nov; (Part II):1576-1581
The respiratory health outcomes were examined for miners and millers who worked in the New York or Vermont talc industries (SIC-1499). The risk of malignant disease of the lung was not increased for millers but was significantly increased, 4.5 fold, for talc miners in both locations. No difference was noted in risk between miners and millers of New York and of Vermont. The risk of nonmalignant respiratory disease was significantly increased for Vermont talc millers but not for New York talc millers. The risks for nonmalignant respiratory disease for miners were calculated to be 4.1 and 3.6 for those from New York and Vermont, respectively. Influenza or pneumonia caused the death of one New York State talc worker but no Vermont talc miner or miller. Mesothelioma caused the death of one New York State talc man 15 years after hire which followed 28 years in mining and construction, and of one Vermont talc man. The talc (14807966) mined in New York has been described as asbestiform talc while the Vermont talc has been described as nonasbestiform talc. According to the authors, the mortality patterns of the workers appear inconsistent with that classification.
Mortality surveys; Lung cancer; Cancer rates; Mineral dusts; Dust inhalation; Dust exposure; Epidemiology; Mining industry
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 90-108
Proceedings of the VIIth International Pneumoconioses Conference, August 23-26, 1988, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
NY; VT; PA
Page last reviewed: June 15, 2021
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division