Comparison of the sampling strategies recommended by the European communities for the protection of workers from the risks related to chemical agents at work, asbestos, lead, and mine dust.
Proceedings of the VIIth International Pneumoconioses Conference, August 23-26, 1988, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 90-108, 1990 Nov; (Part II):1136-1141
A review was presented to evaluate the monitoring strategies implemented by the various European Directives on the exposures to airborne workplace contaminants. The first directive from the Council of the European Communities concerned the protection of workers from the risks related to exposure to chemical, physical, and biological agents at work. Several directives related to specific agents were also put forth including ones for lead (7439921) and asbestos (1332214). As the design of monitoring strategies aimed at keeping the operators and workers risks as low as possible, it may be concluded that the strategy provided in the Directive on Asbestos was the most efficient. While this strategy has allowed for a reasonable level of risk for the health of the worker, it has imposed a lower sampling burden than the others. However the compliance outcome of these strategies was related to the fraction of days above the limit value, whereas the chronic hazard was related to the average level of exposure.
Miners; Air-quality-monitoring; Airborne-dusts; Mineral-dusts; Dust-inhalation; Workplace-studies; Coal-dust; Asbestos-dust; Air-sampling
DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 90-108
Proceedings of the VIIth International Pneumoconioses Conference, August 23-26, 1988, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA