Lead poisoning among household members exposed to lead-acid battery repair shops in Kingston, Jamaica.
Matte-TD; Figueroa-JP; Ostrowski-S; Burr-G; Jackson-Hunt-L; Keenlyside-RA; Baker-EL
Int J Epidemiol 1989 Dec; 18(4):874-881
The risk of lead (7439921) poisoning among household members exposed to lead from lead/acid battery repair shops was evaluated in Kingston, Jamaica. Environmental and blood lead levels were measured in 24 households with a battery repair shop worker or with a battery repair shop on the premises, and at 18 neighborhood comparison households. Elevated blood lead levels were common among subjects of all ages living with a battery repair shop on the premises, especially among children less than age 12, of whom 43% had blood lead levels greater than 70 micrograms per deciliter. Potentially hazardous soil and house dust lead levels were also common at these locations. Geometric mean blood and environmental lead levels were significantly lower at comparison households, where less than 10% of subjects in all age groups had elevated blood lead levels. Sharing premises with a battery repair shop was a stronger determinant of household blood lead and environmental contamination than was the presence of a battery repair shop worker in a household. Blood lead levels were associated with soil and house dust lead levels in all age groups. The authors conclude that small battery repair shops create a high lead poisoning risk for nearby residents.
NIOSH-Author; Lead-compounds; Lead-poisoning; Lead-dust; Risk-factors; Risk-analysis; Epidemiology; Environmental-contamination; Work-environment; Battery-manufacturing-industry
International Journal of Epidemiology