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Industrywide studies report of an in-depth survey at the Manhattan Shirt Company, Americus, Georgia.
Elliott LJ; Blade LM; Stayner LT
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, IWS 125-22, 1984 Dec; :1-40
An on site evaluation was conducted to gather data on airborne exposure concentrations of formaldehyde (50000) at the Manhattan Shirt Company (SIC-2321, 2331), located in Americus, Georgia. This facility produced dress shirts for men and blouses for women. Permanent press fabrics had been utilized at the facility since 1955 or 1956. At the time of this survey, from February 7 to February 9, 1984, 612 persons were employed on site. When the cloth was received at the facility it had already been treated with formaldehyde based resin and precured to provide permanent press characteristics at a textile finishing mill. At this site the material was cut and assembled into shirts and blouses, packaged and shipped to distribution points. Free formaldehyde was emitted from the material. The results of formaldehyde sampling during the evaluation ranged from 0.02 to 0.51 parts per million. Levels of formaldehyde, noise and dust were all below the relevant standards and recommended criteria. NIOSH, however, has recommended that the level of formaldehyde exposure be reduced even further, as formaldehyde is a suspected carcinogen. The authors recommend that the central heating and air conditioning system of the facility utilize some outside air instead of 100% recirculated air to reduce the ambient in house concentrations of formaldehyde.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Survey; Field-Study; IWS-125-22; Region-4; Textiles-industry; Textile-mills; Textile-finishing; Fabrics; Clothing
Field Studies; Industry Wide
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division