NIOSH Testimony Regarding Review of the Document "Recommended Procedures to Minimize Worker Exposure to Ethylene Dibromide from Fumigated Grain, Citrus, and Other Commodities" by J. D. Millar, February 16, 1982.
This testimony provided evidence to reinforce the position of NIOSH that ethylene-dibromide (106934) (EDB) is a carcinogen in animals. Although epidemiologic studies of EDB have been inconclusive, NIOSH is of the opinion that animal studies conducted on multiple species, showing statistically significant increases in carcinogenic effects, warrant that EDB be treated as a potential human carcinogen. Such chemicals require special handling and protective measures in order to minimize worker exposure. Special measures were noted including monitoring programs, medical surveillance, substitution of a less hazardous material, limiting access to areas where EDB exposure can occur, fumigating fruit after loading into transport vehicles, materials out of which packing crates should be made, handling of packing crates, mechanical exhaust ventilation systems, providing change rooms and shower facilities, and proper equipment maintenance.