This testimony presented the background for the position of NIOSH regarding electrical safety related work practices. NIOSH has reviewed 120 reports of fatal electrical accidents from the Fatal Accident Circumstances and Epidemiology (FACE) project for the years 1982 through 1987. The reports can be divided into three groups: construction industry (14), qualified electrical personnel (38), and all others (68 reports). NIOSH has also examined data from the National Traumatic Occupational Fatality (NTOF) data base which provides data on electrocution fatalities by major industry for the years 1980 through 1984. By searching the NTOF data base, NIOSH identified 553 electrocution fatalities that occurred in 1984. The NTOF data indicate an annual fatality rate of over 500 due to electrocutions, which was about twice the estimate (243) that OSHA used for 1987. NIOSH suggests that the title for Table S-5 should include the phrase "Qualified Persons Only" and that a footnote should indicate the approach distance for unqualified persons. A list of the 120 FACE reports was appended.
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