Risk of neuropsychiatric disability among painters in the United States.
Brackbill-RM; Maizlish-N; Fischbach-T
Scand J Work, Environ & Health 1990 Jun; 16(3):182-188
An investigation was performed to evaluate the hypothesis that painters in the United States have an excess risk of chronic neuropsychiatric disease. Information on persons receiving disability pensions was gathered from the United States Social Security Administration. Information was also obtained from the National Occupational Hazard Survey to verify the probable presence of solvents in the workplace of painters and the lack of such exposure among a referent cohort of bricklayers. The results indicated that the painters had a significant excess of neuropsychiatric disability. Construction painters had an excess of neuropsychiatric disability in contrast to spray painters. A positive association was noted between the painting occupations and each of the other specific diagnostic categories examined, including alcoholism. Brush painters, construction painters, and transportation equipment painters had a significant excess of disabling neuropsychiatric diseases as compared with spray painters. Several mechanisms which may account for the determined link between disabling alcoholism and employment as a painter were discussed.
NIOSH-Author; Paint-manufacturing-industry; Construction-workers; Spray-painting; Organic-solvents; Solvent-vapors; Neuropathology; Epidemiology; Nervous-system-disorders;
Author Keywords: case-referent study; central nervous system; disability; diseases; epidemiology; occupational; physical; solvents
Dr R Brackbill, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Mail Stop R-18, Cincinnati, OH 45226, USA
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health