Cancer incidence among Massachusetts firefighters, 1982-1986.
Sama-SR; Martin-TR; Davis-LK; Kriebel-D
Am J Ind Med 1990 Jul; 18(1):47-54
A surveillance evaluation was undertaken, using cancer incidence data collected by the Massachusetts Cancer Registry, to examine cancer patterns among firefighters in Massachusetts from 1982 through 1986. Case/control analyses, using occupational information obtained by the Registry, were conducted to examine potential associations between firefighting and the occurrence of nine different cancers demonstrated to be elevated in previous evaluations. There were 321 male cancer cases diagnosed for firefighters in Massachusetts during the evaluation period and reported to the Registry. The use of incidence data versus mortality data had several advantages, one being that the cancer registry provided better diagnostic information than death certificates. Incidence data were also valuable to evaluate nonfatal cancers. One disadvantage was the underreporting of occupational information. The current results supported earlier works in identifying an excess of melanoma, bladder cancer, and lymphoma among firefighters.
NIOSH-Publication; NIOSH-Cooperative-Agreement; Cancer; Cancer-rates; Risk-analysis; Risk-factors; Polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons; Fireman; Combustion-products;
Author Keywords: occupational exposures; melanoma; bladder cancer; lymphoma; leukemia; pancreatic cancer
Terry R. Martin, Bureau of Health Statistics, Research and Evaluation, Massachusetts Department of Public Health, 150 Tremont Street, 5th floor, Boston, MA 02111
American Journal of Industrial Medicine