NIOSHTIC-2 Publications Search

Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-89-307-2009, Perdue Farms, Inc., Lewiston, North Carolina, Robersonville, North Carolina.

Kiken S; Stringer W; Fine L; Sinks T; Tanaka S
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 89-307-2009, 1990 Feb; :1-38
In response to a request from the North Carolina Department of Labor for technical assistance in evaluating cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs) of the neck and upper extremity, an investigation was made at two Perdue Farms facilities (SIC-2016) located in North Carolina at Lewiston and Robersonville. Concerns included repetitive and forceful motions and/or extreme and awkward postures of the upper extremity. Perdue Farms, Inc. produced and packaged boneless chicken products, chicken parts, and whole chickens for wholesale distribution. About 2600 workers were employed at the Lewiston facility, processing over 420,000 chickens/day. About 550 workers were employed at the Robersonville facility processing over 120,000 chickens/day. Jobs were classified into higher exposure (HE) or lower exposure (LE) groups. Questionnaires, and physical examinations were administered to groups of workers. Questionnaire results indicated that 36% of the 174 employees participating at the Lewiston site had evidence of work related CTDs, largely involving the hand and/or wrist. Workers in HE jobs were 4.4 times more likely than employees in the LE jobs to have these difficulties. At the Robersonville site, 20 percent of the 120 participants had similar findings. The author concludes that a neck and upper extremity CTD hazard existed at these facilities. The author recommends some specific measures to prevent and manage CTDs at both sites.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-89-307-2009; Hazard-Confirmed; Region-4; Musculoskeletal-system-disorders; Food-processing-industry; Livestock-foods; Repetitive-work; Cumulative-trauma-disorders; Author Keywords: poultry processing plant; poultry; chicken; meatpacking; cumulative trauma disorder; carpal tunnel syndrome; tendonitis; epicondylitis; tension neck
Publication Date
Document Type
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
Fiscal Year
NTIS Accession No.
NTIS Price
Identifying No.
NIOSH Division
SIC Code
Source Name
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: September 2, 2020
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division