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Health hazard evaluation report: HETA-83-144-2001, Feed Materials Production Center (Westinghouse Materials Company of Ohio), Fernald, Ohio.
Boiano JM; Moss CE; Burr GA
Cincinnati, OH: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, HETA 83-144-2001, 1989 Dec; :1-91
In response to a request from District 34, International Association of Machinists, an evaluation was made of possible health problems arising among employees at the Feed Materials Production Center (SIC- 2819), Fernald, Ohio. The company was a large scale integrated uranium (7440611) metals production facility which converted a variety of chemical forms of depleted or slightly enriched uranium into uranium metal. Approximately 850 workers were employed at the time of this study. A cross sectional study was made of the workers which included evaluations for evidence of lung and kidney disease attributable to uranium exposure. The ratio of the 1 second forced expiratory volume to the forced vital capacity was associated with a job history derived uranium exposure index. Shortness of breath was associated with a self reported history of uranium exposure incidents. Measurements were taken of surface alpha particle radiation contamination at approximately 50 worksites in the facility. In all but one case the levels of contamination exceeded the recommended allowable limits. Air samples indicated nitrogen- dioxide (10102440) was the only chemical air contaminant which exceeded current criteria. The authors conclude that a potential health hazard existed due to high levels of surface alpha particle contamination. The authors recommend specific measures to lower worker exposures.
NIOSH-Author; NIOSH-Health-Hazard-Evaluation; NIOSH-Technical-Assistance-Report; HETA-83-144-2001; Hazard-Confirmed; Region-5; Uranium-compounds; Radiation-exposure; Respiratory-system-disorders; Pulmonary-function-tests; Nitrogen-oxides; Author Keywords: Industrial Inorganic Chemicals; Uranium; Radiation; Plutonium
Field Studies; Hazard Evaluation and Technical Assistance
NTIS Accession No.
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Page last reviewed: April 12, 2019
Content source: National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Education and Information Division